Download E-books Cultural Memory and Early Civilization: Writing, Remembrance, and Political Imagination PDF

By Jan Assmann

Now to be had to an English-speaking viewers, this ebook provides a groundbreaking theoretical research of reminiscence, identification, and tradition. It investigates how cultures have in mind, arguing that human reminiscence exists and is communicated in methods, specifically inter-human interplay and in exterior structures of notation, resembling writing, that can span generations. Dr. Assmann defines theoretical techniques of cultural reminiscence, differentiating among the long term reminiscence of societies, that may span as much as 3,000 years, and communicative reminiscence, that's regularly constrained to 80-100 years. He applies this theoretical framework to case reviews of 4 particular cultures, illustrating the functionality contexts and particular achievements, together with the country, foreign legislations, faith, and technology. finally, his examine demonstrates that reminiscence isn't really easily a method of holding info, yet really a strength which may form cultural id and make allowance cultures to reply creatively to either day-by-day demanding situations and catastrophic adjustments.

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Download E-books The Skull Speaks (Through Carole Davis) PDF

The Mitchell-Hedges Crystal cranium has enthralled thousands with its good looks and secret on account that its discovery in 1924. present in Mayan ruins, the cranium fascinates archaeologists and technologists alike. Now, via a talented trance medium, a brand new size finds itself: old wisdom, information of man's genesis, and undying knowledge. 9 trance classes transcribed.

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Download E-books The Chronicle of Theophanes: An English Translation of Anni Mundi 6095-6305 (A.D. 602-813) (English and Greek Edition) PDF

By The Confessor Theophanes, Harry Turtledove

The most crucial illuminating resource that survived from the 2 centuries termed "the darkish a while of Byzantium" is the chronicle of the monk Theophanes (d. 817 or 818). In it Theophanes paints a shiny photo of the Empire's fight within the 7th and 8th centuries either to resist international invasions and to quell inner non secular conflicts. Theophanes's conscientiously built chronological scheme used to be mined largely via later Byzantine and Western checklist keepers; his chronicle was once used as a resource of data in addition to a stylistic version. it's the framework upon which all Byzantine chronology for this era needs to be based.

Important themes lined by way of the Chronicle include:

  • The Empire's fight to repel explosive Arab expansionism and the Bulgar invasion.
  • The iconoclastic controversy, which brought on civil warfare inside of Byzantium and resulted in schism among the church buildings of Constantinople and Rome.
  • The improvement of the Byzantine thematic method, the executive and social constitution that will convey the Empire to the peak of its energy and prosperity.
  • Almost the entire assets utilized by Theophanes have perished, leaving his chronicle because the most vital ancient literature from this era. Turledove's translation makes on hand in English this important fundamental textual content for the research of medieval Byzantine civilization.

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    Download E-books The Ancient Canaanites: The History of the Civilizations That Lived in Canaan Before the Israelites PDF

    By Charles River Editors

    *Includes photographs *Includes old bills of the Canaanites *Includes on-line assets and a bibliography for extra studying “And the border of the Canaanites used to be from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.” - Genesis 10:19 “And i've got acknowledged, i'll deliver you up out of the disorder of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.” - Exodus 3:17 “And while the LORD thy God shall bring them ahead of thee; thou shalt smite them, and completely break them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them…” - Deuteronomy 7:2 people who choose to take in studying concerning the outdated testomony of the Bible are instantly confronted with the tricky proposition of picking some of the peoples that the Hebrews met and occasionally got here into clash with once they entered the territory that finally grew to become Israel. The Moabites and Edomites have been simply of the numerous Canaanite teams that the Hebrews handled, frequently violently, yet there have been dozens of alternative Canaanite teams, that have been involved in the main half pointed out in the course of the names in their respective towns. in reality, ahead of the Hebrews confirmed a state and prior to the Phoenicians colonized a lot of the Mediterranean, the Canaanites have been crucial team within the Levant for far of the Bronze Age and into the early Iron Age. even though the Canaanites by no means created a unified countryside or state, their significance within the old close to East can't be understated. It was once a minimum of in part as a result of that indisputable fact that the Canaanites have been not able to withstand their greater and extra strong associates that the typical individual this day is familiar with so little approximately their historical past, yet sleek reviews have published that they constructed a distinct faith that encouraged non-Canaanite peoples and persisted to be practiced in a few shape centuries after the Canaanites ceased to be an identifiable humans. additionally, throughout the top of the Bronze Age the Canaanites supplied very important assets to the Egyptian and Hittite Empires and performed a key position within the geopolitical online game of chess among these kingdoms. It additionally is going with out asserting that the Canaanites have been additionally an element within the institution of the dominion of Israel, because the battles they misplaced to the Hebrews later turned the root of the Jewish country. the traditional Canaanites: The heritage of the Civilizations That Lived in Canaan sooner than the Israelites seems on the numerous teams and their influence at the quarter and next cultures. besides photos depicting very important humans, areas, and occasions, you'll know about the Canaanites like by no means sooner than.

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    Download E-books How to Read a Graveyard: Journeys in the Company of the Dead PDF

    Death is the only walk in the park in lifestyles, but, with the decline of faith within the West, now we have develop into jointly reluctant to speak about it. Our modern rituals search to sanitise dying and distance us from our personal inevitable destiny. If we wish to understand how earlier generations handled loss of life, graveyards (famous and never) let us know the background -- if we can learn them. If we wish to understand how we fight this present day with knowing or dealing with as much as loss of life, then graveyards supply a place to begin. And, if we wish to get away the current taboo on acknowledging our mortality and reflect on our personal finish, then graveyards provide an extraordinary welcome.

    From Neolithic mounds to net memorials through medieval corpse roads and municipal cemeteries, warfare graves and holocaust memorials, Roman catacombs, Pharaonic grave-robbers, Hammer horrors, body-snatchers, Days of the useless, humanist burials and flameless cremations, Stanford indicates us the best way to learn a graveyard, what to appear out for in our personal, and the way even the main firstly unpromising exploration can enthral.

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    Download E-books Alles Mythos! 20 populäre Irrtümer über die alten Römer (German Edition) PDF

    By Cornelius Hartz

    »Sieben – fünf – drei, Rom kroch aus dem Ei.« Den Spruch kennt guy. Aber wurde Rom tatsächlich 753 v. Chr. auf den berühmten sieben Hügeln gegründet? Und sprachen eigentlich tatsächlich alle Römer klassisches Latein? Die Toga gehört zum Römer wie zu Caesar der Lorbeerkranz, oder etwa nicht? Apropos Caesar – wurde der nicht von einem gewissen Brutus umgebracht? Und struggle der nicht Caesars Sohn? Überhaupt, wie waren sie denn so, die alten Römer? Besonders reinliche Menschen, die täglich die zahlreichen öffentlichen Bäder besuchten? Oder struggle das Gegenteil der Fall? Immerhin besaßen sie keine Seife, und sie sollen sich ja sogar mit Urin die Zähne geputzt und die Kleider gereinigt haben. Cornelius Hartz entlarvt höchst unterhaltsam 20 populäre Irrtümer über die alten Römer und das alte Rom.

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    Download E-books Change in Byzantine Culture in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Transformation of the Classical Heritage) PDF

    By A. P. Kazhdan

    Byzantium, that darkish sphere at the outer edge of medieval Europe, is usually considered as the immutable residue of Rome's decline. during this hugely unique and provocative paintings, Alexander Kazhdan and Ann Wharton Epstein revise this conventional photograph by means of documenting the dynamic social adjustments that happened through the 11th and 12th centuries.

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